What Is A Green Card or Permanent Resident Card in the U.S
Foreign nationals who want to live and work in the US need to have a green card. So what is a green card?
A Green Card, officially known as a Permanent Resident Card, is a document certifying the permanent residence status of a foreign citizen in the United States. Green card holders will enjoy the benefits of a permanent residence, living and working in the US in accordance with the law.
Before 1976 this card was printed on green paper. The 2002 version is pink and white. New version as shown below.
A permanent resident is a person who resides in a country of which he or she is not a citizen. This residency may occur for an indefinite period of time. In the US, permanent residents usually refer to lawful permanent residents.
You are eligible to apply for a Green Card if you fall into one of several categories. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services sets the categories.
A family-based Green Card or sponsorship from your employer are a couple of the categories for which you might be qualified. Additionally, some refugees or crime victims might also be qualified.
If you are a member of a religious organization or a broadcaster for an international news outlet, you may also be eligible.
On the green card, the basic information of the grantee is printed, including:
USCIS 9-digit number
Date of birth
Date of becoming a permanent resident
Owning a US Green Card gives its holder nearly all rights equal to those of a US citizen. These include:
→ Unlimited residency in the US
→ Unlimited work permit in the USA
→ Unlimited and easy entry and exit without a visa or ESTA
→ Eligibility for Medicare benefits and other government assistance after 5 years as a Green Card holder
→ The right to study at a US university without risk and up to 80 % cheaper than without a Green Card
→ The possibility of federal loans for students
→ Crisis security: Green Card holders are usually not affected by travel embargoes.
→ Uncomplicated obtaining of business and commercial licenses
→ Family members (spouse and unmarried children under 21) are automatically eligible for a Green Card as well.
→ Application for US citizenship is possible after 3 or 5 years as a Green Card holder.
There are two types: conditional green card and permanent green card. Each type has different regulations and is intended for different people.
A permanent resident’s conditional green card is valid for two years. A 2-year green card is another name for a conditional green card. The temporary green card cannot be renewed.
Holders of conditional green cards must submit a petition to lift the conditions within 90 days of the conditional green card expiring in order to keep their status as permanent residents.
Those who enter the country via EB-5 investment or marriage must fulfill certain requirements in order to be granted a green card. For the 2-year conditional green card limit to be lifted, you must ensure that those prerequisites are still met.
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) must take your relationship into account, for instance, if you obtain the card through marriage. You must keep investing in the chosen project if you enter the US through the EB-5 investment stream. For US citizens and permanent residents who spend at least 6 months annually in the country during their first 2 years of residence (or who apply for a reentry permit if they leave the country for longer than 6 months annually), the project must directly or indirectly create at least 10 jobs.
Once the conditions are met, permanent residents are given green cards. It is common to refer to a permanent green card as a 10-year green card because of its 10-year validity. The holder of a permanent green card must continue to renew it after the initial 10-year period if they haven’t already taken the US citizenship test.
As long as you have a green card with a ten-year validity period, you are not required to take a citizenship test in order to remain in the US. But if they commit crimes that require a US visa, green card holders will not have the same full rights as citizens and are very likely to be deported from the country.
The permanent green card is valid for 10 years. Permanent resident card is allowed to be renewed every 10 years until you no longer want to renew it. to as a permanent green card.
The two are different from one another. The main distinction between a Green Card and a visa is that the former is temporary while the latter is permanent.
An individual can enter the country on a visa and stay there for a specific amount of time, possibly with a work permit. A visa might also serve as the prerequisite for obtaining a Green Card.
The owner of a Green Card is able to live and work permanently anywhere in the nation. Additionally, it grants the holder almost identical rights to those of a US citizen.
Everybody’s dream is to one day be a citizen of the United States. Permanent residents who meet the requirements can apply for US citizenship after having their green card for ten years:
-Over 18 years old at the time of application.
-Have been a permanent resident for a period of at least 5 years prior to the date of filing the N-400 application.
-Have lived in the state or county that has jurisdiction over the applicant for at least 3 months prior to the filing date.
-Have been a permanent resident for at least 5 years immediately preceding the date of application.
-Be present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the five years prior to the date of application.
-Be a permanent resident from the date of application to the time of naturalization.
-Can read, write, and speak English, and have knowledge of U.S. history and government.
-A person of good moral character in accordance with the principles of the United States Constitution.
It is possible to live in the USA without a Green Card, but the process is typically complicated by deadlines, obstacles, additional expenses, and financial constraints. Even if you have a valid work permit that can theoretically be extended, you could still lose everything.
Life in the US can only really be planned with a Green Card. Your Green Card is the key to opening doors for you to obtain a loan, a permanent job, a driver’s license, or your own home.
You are safe as an LPR even during times of crisis, when temporary visas are frequently not renewed and aid is only given to US citizens and Green Card holders.
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